Professional Golfers Injuries
27% Left wrist 24% Low Back 7% Left hand, left shoulder, left elbow 3% Right wrist, right shoulder 3% Left thumb pain.
Amateur Golfers Injuries
35% Low Back 33% Elbow 18% Left Wrist/Hand 12% Shoulder 6 % Knee pain.
Causes of Golfing Injuries.
Limited Flexibility Decreased Strength Poor Posture Balance Inappropriate Warm-up Inconsistent Swing Swings Too Hard!!
Keys to Preventing Injuries
Acupuncture is a great way to prevent many of these injuries from becoming worse and keep you on the green.
Physical conditioning before play !! Condition body to play Professionals practice 10-12 X more than they play Warm-up before playing 10 minute golf /tennis warm-up Improve flexibility & strength prior to season.
Golf Injuries to the Hand, Wrist or Elbow: Golf, a famous sport involves the action of wrist. Insufficient strength in the forearms is the major cause for wrist and hand injuries in golfers. Common injuries in golfers include:
- Tennis Elbow/Golfer’s Elbow: Tennis elbow is the inflammation of muscles on the outside of the elbow where as tendinitis on the inner side of the elbow is golfer’s elbow. Overuse of the arms or a traumatic blow to the hand may cause tennis elbow or golfer’s elbow. These injuries may cause severe pain and tenderness of the affected muscles that radiate down into the forearm, particularly with use of the hand and wrist. Adequate rest and immobility of the affected part helps the muscles to recover and modification of the activities helps in better healing. Heat therapy, followed by a stretching and strengthening exercises and then ice massage may offer be beneficial. A tennis elbow strap may relieve the pressure from the muscle attachment. Pain medications may be recommended to relieve the pain and inflammation. Acupuncture works very well at healing Tennis Elbow.
- Tendonitis: Tendonitis is inflammation of any of the tendons in the wrist. Tendonitis is usually treated with adequate rest, splinting, ice application, and with non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medicines to reduce the inflammation. Acupuncture can reduce inflammation.
- Hook of the hamate fracture: Fracture of the hook of the hamate bone, one of the small bones of the wrist, is another injury common in golfers. The hook of the hamet bone protrudes toward the palm, and is susceptible to injury from the club on a hard hit to the ground as the handle crosses right over the bony hook during gripping the club. A splint or cast may be used if the fracture is seen soon after the injury. If there is continued pain, surgery is usually performed to remove the broken bone fragment. Acupuncture can increase blood flow and speed up the healing of a fracture in your bones.
Any problem causing pain, swelling, discoloration, numbness or a tingling sensation, or abnormal position of the hand, wrist, or elbow that persists for more than two or three days should be evaluated by your doctor to establish the cause and obtain the best treatment as early as possible.
SWING PHASES AND INJURY RATES
Downswing / Impact responsible for 50% of injuries. Follow-through responsible for 30% of injuries. Take-away / backswing responsible for 20% of injuries. Nearly 70% of injuries caused by repetitive practice swings (only 7% during competition)
A One-Year Prospective Study on Back Pain Among Novice Golfers J Sports Med September 1996 vol. 24 no. 5 659-664
8% 1st time golfers had back pain, 45% had recurrent back pain One-Year Follow-up Study on Golf Injuries in Australian Amateur Golfers Am J Sports Med August 2007 vol. 35 no. 8 1354-1360 15.8 injuries per 100 golfers, which equates to a range of 0.36 to 0.60 injuries/1000 hours/person 18.3% lower back, elbow/forearm (17.2%), foot/ankle (12.9%), and shoulder/upper arm (11.8%). 46.2% injuries during the golf swing At ball impact (23.7%), follow-through (21.5%).
Amateur golfers generate significantly greater peak shear and lateral bending forces and greater torque than professionals Pros use 50 % less muscle activity, yet generate 34 % more clubhead speed